Government Schemes to help reduce fuel poverty 

Figure 1: An Energy Performance Certificate ranks a property from A (the most energy efficient) to G (the least energy efficient)

Incredibly, the UK has the second highest rate of fuel poverty in Europe, ranking just behind Slovenia. This is partly due to high fuel costs and also as a result of the UK having an old, inefficient housing stock which was built with no regard to energy saving measures such as insulation.

There are approximately 2.4 million households in England living in fuel poverty, which is 10.3% of total households. Unfortunately in Wales and Scotland the number of households in fuel poverty is even higher. 

Research by National Energy Action has found that more than 3,000 people were needlessly dying each year in the UK because they could not afford to properly heat their homes, and called for urgent action to end to the devastating but entirely preventable tragedy.


A household is classed as ‘fuel poor’ if it has above-average energy costs, and if paying those costs would push it below the poverty line as far as its remaining income was concerned. As a general rule-of-thumb, many people class fuel poverty as having to spend more than 10% of your income on fuel for your home.

Fuel poverty affects the unemployed, people on low incomes, and people living in energy-inefficient properties. The Fuel Poverty Energy Efficiency Rating system measures the energy efficiency of a property, ranking dwellings from A to G, with A being the most efficient and G being the lowest.


If you’re struggling to keep up with your energy costs, you should remember that your energy provider won’t immediately cut off your supply. There are likely to be warning steps involved – for example, if you miss a bill payment, you’ll be sent a postal reminder after 14 days. This is generally followed by further correspondence and potentially even a home visit if the issue hasn’t been resolved. 

Figure 2: Unfortunately many people living in fuel poverty have to rely on expensive forms of heating such as electric fires to keep warm. 


The Energy Company Obligation (ECO) scheme places a requirement on the largest energy companies to fund the cost of energy saving measures such as loft insulation, wall insulation and replacement boilers to help lower carbon dioxide emissions and also to help reduce fuel poverty. 

The ECO scheme costs energy companies millions of pounds every year and they pay for this scheme by adding a ‘Green levy’ or a ‘tax’ on to everybody’s bill. This is sometimes called the ‘Environmental and Social Obligation’ on your annual bill and adds approximately £200 every year to the average fuel bill. 

More information on the Climate change levy can be found on the Governments OFGEM website: 

More information on the various grants available via the ECO scheme can be found by browsing the other pages on this website.


Figure 3: A pie chart showing a breakdown of a typical domestic energy bill. The Green levy accounts for 10% to 20% of an average electricity bill.

The Governments ‘Green Homes Grant’ scheme provides vouchers to help homeowners and landlords make their properties more energy efficient. This scheme is only available in England and does not apply in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland unfortunately.

If a homeowner or someone living in the property receives tax credits or any benefit (excluding Child Benefit) then they will be eligible for a voucher up to £10,000. Alternatively, if there is nobody living in the property in receipt of a benefit then you can still apply for a voucher that will cover two-thirds of the cost of installation, up to a maximum of £5000.  

Demand for these vouchers is extremely high and they are allocated on a first-come, first served basis.

Please contact us on 0330 223 0333 for more information, or alternatively you can enter your details in the CALL BACK BOX below and one of our energy advisors will contact you.

Are you one of the 2 million people who have recently claimed
Universal Credit due to Covid-19? If so you will be eligible to
claim funding. Call us Today for more information.


If you want to find out which energy saving grants are available for you just fill in your details and we'll call you back to help.


You could receive between £100 and £300 to help you with your energy bills through the winter fuel payments scheme if you were born on or before 5 November 1954. If you are eligible and you receive a social security benefit, such as a state pension, then you’ll usually get this as an automatic payment. 


Cold weather payments are part of another government scheme that gives eligible people £25 for every period of seven days where the temperature reaches zero degrees Celsius or below. You might qualify for these payments if you receive:

  • Income support

  • Income-based jobseeker’s allowance

  • Income-related employment and support allowance

  • Universal credit

  • Pension credit

  • Warm home discount scheme


The warm home discount scheme offers to help you with your energy bill, giving you up to £140 as a one-time discount. The money isn’t paid to you directly – it is deducted from your electricity bill sometime between October and March instead.

You’ll either be eligible through the guaranteed credit element of Pension Credit, or you’ll qualify if you’re on a low income and you meet the standards set out by your supplier – if they’re involved in the scheme. 



We are able to help homeowners, tenants and landlords obtain funding for energy saving measures such as loft insulation, wall insulation, boilers and renewable energy.


The amount of funding that may be available varies depending on a number of factors including how old the property is, the size of the property, the type of fuel the property has and the Council area in which it is located.


Please contact us on 0330 223 0333 for more information, or alternatively you can enter your details in the CALL BACK BOX below and one of our energy advisors will contact you.


If you want to find out which energy saving grants are available for you just fill in your details and we'll call you back to help.

Energy Saving Grants is an official partner of One Tree Planted ( Energy Saving Grants fund the planting of hundreds of fruit trees in Ethiopia, which helps local communities; as well as reducing carbon dioxide emissions.  

More information on the various Government grant funding schemes is available on the following Government websites:



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